关于经济的论文摘要(写一份关于经济的论文)

1.写一份关于经济的论文

经济论文初稿完成之后,再经过反反复复的修改,如果确认文章已经达到了比较令人满意的程度,就可以考虑把文稿确定下来。

这时要通读全文做最后的检查,然后定稿。定稿后,要依照规范的行款格式和文面要求,用稿纸或规定的论文纸抄写誊清。

誊清之后,再将全文检查一遍,看有无丢落字、写错字的现象;有无不合文面要求的地方等等,确认没有任何差错了,论文的写作也就算最后完成了。 一、经济论文最后完成的项目构成 一篇完整、规范的经济论文通常要由以下项目构成: 标题;作者署名;目录;摘要;关键词;正文;注释;致谢;参考文献;附录。

以上所列的10个项目是经济论文的全部构成项目。 一篇具体的经济论文,既可能包括所有的项目,也可能不需要完全具备这些项目。

通常,在一般的用于学术期刊发表的交流性论文中,标题、作者署名、摘要、关键词、正文、注释、参考文献是必不可少的项目,而毕业论文和学位论文,由于其篇幅较长,除要有一般交流性论文必备的项目之外,还要有目录、附录和内容提要(比摘要略微详细一些)等项目。 二、经济论文各项目的写法与要求 1、标题。

标题是作者给论文起的名字,它是论文的总代表,作者必须反复推敲、认真确定。其写作要求参见《经济论文的标题》,书写格式参见《经济论文的文面》。

2、作者署名。署名是文权所有和文责自负的体现。

只有直接参加了研究工作,并且能对论文内容负责的人,才有权力,也有必要在论文上署名。至于专家、领导或非研究者挂名,则属于不正常现象,是学术研究中的不正之风,必须予以杜绝。

其写法和要求参见《经济论文的文面》。 3、目录。

篇幅较长的论文应编写出简单的目录。论文目录也就是论文中的各级小标题的依次排列。

排出小标题,并标明标题所在页的页码,便于读者从整体上把握文章的逻辑体系,也为读者选读论文的有关部分提供了方便。其写法和格式与一般书刊的目录格式相同。

4、摘要。摘要是论文内容不加注释和评论的简短陈述,是一篇与论文主要信息量等同的完整短文,重点要说明论文的最终结论。

其写法和要求参见《经济论文的摘要、关键词与参考文献》,书写格式参见《经济论文的文面》。 5、关键词。

关键词是为了文献标引工作而从论文中选取出来的,用以表示全文主题内容信息款目的单词或术语。其写法和要求参见《经济论文的摘要、关键词与参考文献》,书写格式参见《经济论文的文面》。

6、正文。正文包括绪论、本论、结论三个部分。

这三个部分,一般在行文中不必明确地表示出来,但若论文的主体部分分为若干个章节或部分来论述,应尽可能加上小标题表示出各个部分的论述内容。正文的写法和要求参见《经济论文的绪论》、《经济论文的本论》、《经济论文的结论》、《经济论文的引文》、《经济论文的格局》、《经济论文的构段》、《经济论文的表达》、《经济论文的表现》、《经济论文的语言》,书写格式参见《经济论文的文面》。

7、注释。在经济论文的写作中,有些问题需要在正文之外加以阐释,这就需要论文有另一项内容——注释。

它是经济论文的一个有机组成部分,而不是文章之外的项目。论文的注释有补充内容的注释和注明资料出处的注释两大类。

其写法和要求参见《经济论文的引文》中的加注。 8、致谢。

谢辞是向在本篇论文的撰写过程中,曾给予自己帮助的人表示谢意。它可以写在正文的结论部分,也可以单列出来,使之成为论文中的一个项目。

其写法和要求参见《经济论文的结论》。 9、参考文献。

经济论文的正文之后要列出使用过的主要参考文献目录。这是作者产生创见的依据,把它列示出来,既是对他人劳动成果的尊重,又能加大论文的信息量,使研究相同课题的读者从中得到启发。

其写法和要求参见《经济论文的摘要、关键词与参考文献》。 10、附录。

附录是对论文正文内容的补充。不便于放在正文中的资料性内容,可以放到附录中去。

如全文或几个部分共同使用的图表,帮助读者理解、消化文章内容的补充性资料等等。 三、经济论文完成后的基本工作 经济论文按以上项目及要求最后完成后,标志着一个完整的经济科学研究过程的终结。

当然,也有一些课题研究的复杂性及阶段性较强,一篇经济论文的完成只意味着一项研究工作的告一段落,接着作者还要从不同的角度,对问题的不同方面展开研究。但无论哪种情况,一篇论文完成之后,作者所要做的工作还是大致相同的。

如果所完成的是一篇专门用于学术交流的论文,要迅速选定最为妥当的交流渠道,或直接向出版单位投稿,或以学术报告、学会演讲的形式发表论文。 如果向出版单位投稿,一定要选择自己比较满意,论文又容易被接受的刊物;若第一种刊物未中,不要气馁,应不断地推敲修改,研究深化论文,再投向第二种、第三种刊物,总会有所收获的。

如果准确作学术报告或进行学会演讲,则必须在论文的基础上,写出适宜于口头宣讲的报告稿或演讲稿。 向出版单位投稿与通过学术报告或学会演讲发表论文,是可以同时并用的论文交流渠道,只是二者的特点及效。

2.急求有关经济类的毕业论文一篇

关于后金融危机时代国际经济环境的变化及展望 论文摘要:金融危机过后,全球经济正在逐步走向复苏,但由于其经济环境所发生的深刻变化,其会对全球经济的复苏过程产生极为深远的影响。

本文针对于金融危机后国际经济环境所发生的主要变化展开了探讨,并对未来国际经济的前景进行了展望。 论文关键词:金融危机;全球经济;国际贸易;国际贷币 一、全球经济逐步复苏,但时间漫长 就目前的态势来看,金融危机后的全球经济正在逐步走向复苏,但是由于受到诸多不确定性因素的影响,其要完全复苏所需的时间将会是十分漫长的。

首先,由于银行等金融机构的资本金在本次金融危机中遭受了巨大的损失,因此会在很大程度上造成其自身流动资金短缺或偿付能力不足的现象;而另一方面,由于在本次金融危机中银行等金融机构剥离了大量的呆账、坏账等不良资产,因此急需重新注入大量的资金以弥补其亏空。其次,全球经济的复苏还会受到其他不利因素的影响,例如美元的贬值、经济的失衡及失业率的攀升等等;美元的贬值极有可能造成在实体经济或金融市场中出现新的泡沫,严重影响了经济或市场的稳定性;而金融危机所造成的经济失衡会影响全球经济复苏的速度,其要达到再平衡的态势又需经一个不断调整的过程才能得以实现;此外,失业率的攀升、就业压力的增大等非经济因素则会从另一角度制约和干扰全球经济复苏的过程。

除去上述所提到的不利因素,诸多有利的因素将从正面推动全球经济的复苏,而且从目前的态势来看,其形势还是比较乐观的。首先,针对于日益严重的金融危机,各国都相继出台了一系列积极的财政、货币政策及措施,这对刺激经济的不断增长、恢复当前的市场信心、扭转经济的下滑态势、促进经济的快速复苏发挥了极其重要的作用。

例如我国为了应对本次金融危机,刺激本国经济的增长,从国家财政上对交通基础设施建设领域进行了巨额的投资,并对其他领域也加大了其投入的力度,积极培育未来新的经济增长点,这些政策或措施都将大大的推进全球经济复苏的进程,促进全球经济的增长。其次,科技的创新、技术的进步所带来的劳动生产率和资源配置效率的提高,也将从很大程度上促进全球经济加快复苏,在长期内会决定全球经济增长的总趋势。

因此可见,在上述有利因素的作用下,后金融危机时代的全球经济仍将会在整体上实现复苏,但需经过一个非常漫长的时期。 二、经济增长模式调整,产业转移加速 从另一角度来说,本次金融危机的爆发实质上是对早先全球经济增长模式的一次强制性的调整,其调整的原因是该模式无法维持全球经济的持续曾长;经过这次强制性的调整,可以使全球经济重新回到再增长的良性循环之中,但其调整的成本却是极其高昂的,导致了全球经济的一次重大衰退。

为此,从全球经济发展的整体角度出发,必须对早先全球经济的增长模式进行一次根本性的调整,例如发达国家必须适当提高存款准备金率,遏制超前和过度消费,减少自身的资产负债率,执行稳健的财政和货币政策等等;而发展中国家则需重新调整以出口为导向的经济增长模式,扩大内需,刺激?肖费,以实现从内部对经济增长的促进或拉动,防止因外部不稳定性所导致的经济增长乏力。 经过本次金融危机,全球产业将加快向具有低成本、市场潜力大等优势的发展中国家或其他新兴市场转移的速度,并在此基础上尽早实现对产业的转型或升级,以应对金融危机所带来的不利影响,实现全球经济的早日复苏以及进一步的发展。

首先,新能源和环保节能产业有望引领全球产业的转型和升级;在本次金融危机过后,西方许多发达国家纷纷加大了其在新能源和环保节能等领域的技术研发投人力度,努力推动其向产业化方向发展,并以此来引领全球产业结构的再调整,使其拉动新一轮的全球经济增长。其次,作为全球经济的主要载体,西方发达国家在今后很长一段时期内仍将在技术创新、高新技术产业发展和国际分工中处于领先地位,其在大力发展新能源、环保节能等绿色产业和运用低碳技术改造提升传统产业的同时,仍将继续发展金融、保险、信息、科技、法律、咨询等现代服务业,并会在很长一段时间内保持优势。

由此可见,全球产业转移将呈现出多层次、多梯度和多向性,横向与纵向相互交融,从而形成更加复杂的全球产业格局。 全文原文出自: 。

3.经济论文摘要翻译

At present, our country economy to continue in rapid growth stage, but there was insufficient aggregate demand of the people is steadily rising savings, high savings, low consumption caused by insufficient domestic demand in our country has become restriction of the main factors of rapid economic development. China's current residents of the high savings rate and Chinese traditional culture, population structure, disposable income, and many other factors, and at the same time the social security system development lags behind is the important reason for the insufficient consumer spending. This paper in this background, this paper introduces the social security system of our country and social security level of current situation, analyses the cause of formation of the savings will, followed closely by the residents of high savings behaviour and social security analyses the relation between the data collected by the utilization of empirical analysis research results: China's social security spending levels and the inhabitants of our country exists between the savings rate significantly negative correlation between. The social security for the residents about saving behaviour influenced conclusions.。

4.经济论文摘要

The international traveling service trade scope involves the travel agency and each kind of tourist facility and the passenger transportation, the dining supply, food and so on, the economic recession which the financial crisis and brings can to the traveling income, the traveling expense and so on have the varying degree influence.Studies this topic the goal to lie in: Through the research financial crisis to the international traveling service trade impact, the correct assurance existence negative influence, the reason and the result which the discussion influence produces, for occupies under the financial crisis, the international traveling service trade anabiosis contributes some effective countermeasures.The research financial crisis to the international traveling service trade influence, then with trade all quarters rapid, effectively discovered distinguishes impact and risk which it brings, proposed the countermeasure can cause trade all quarters to discover when risk guards against it promptly, avoids or the reduced nonessential loss.Therefore this topic research is advantageous to the international traveling service trade all quarters benefit, is advantageous in the international traveling service trade healthy development, is advantageous under the financial crisis, international traveling service trade anabiosis and promotion.。

5.求经济论文摘要翻译,谢谢

Developing countries take economic development strategy has two kinds: one kind is import substitution type: through the establishment and development of domestic manufacturing industry and other industries, instead of manufactured goods imported to drive past economic growth, national industrialization. Another kind is the country's export-driven: industrial production, focusing on the market development, and export products manufactured exports to replace the past gradually, and finally achieve the primary products are exported to the industrialization. This paper introduces the developed countries and the developing countries in multinational companies of foreign investment theory, this paper analyses the multinational company in developing countries some advantages of direct foreign investment, first, small-scale production and labor intensive use of manufacturing technology advantage. Second, the use of local resources and the production of products of local needs. Third, close to the local market advantages. Also puts forward problems and challenges, and puts forward effective measures to develop clear: the internationalization strategy, cultivating the core competitiveness of the multinational corporations by gradual development mode, strengthen overseas multinational business training and introduction of modern management internationalization management talent, actively participate in multilateral negotiations in the asia-pacific region, to promote cooperation and promote enterprise technology progress, cultivate enterprise technology innovation ability. With its actual, analyses the development situation of Chinese multinational companies.。

6.谁能帮我翻译经济方面的论文摘要,谢谢大家了

Since 2008, from the us subprime mortgage crisis spread, development has become a global financial turmoil, and to keep the entity economy, form for economic crisis, the world of fierce breaks over the 1930s world economic crises. Based on this world financial and economic situation, using the theory of national income, Keynes decision fiscal policy and monetary policy theory and the new economic growth theory, adopt empirical analysis method, from consumer prices, finance, trade, real estate, steel, non-ferrous metal industry, the sme financing rural economy and 7 aspects of financial and economic crisis since the economic situation in China were analyzed, and the extent of the affected, and focuses on the expansion of domestic to deal with crises in the implementation of the policy and its growth forecast effect and prospects are analyzed, and puts forward a comprehensive analysis, and should be accurate judgement of the current situation, the right to determine the timely adjust macro-control goal, grasping the macroeconomic regulation and control policy, adjust and promulgate the opportunity, and effectiveness, continue to implement the economic stimulus measures.。

7.经济类论文摘要翻译

Recent years,with the sustained, rapid social and economic development, improve the level of income, investment wish and pursuit of residents of the capital value concept, hope that through financial investment to gain more wealth. In the face of such a huge market demand and opportunities, various financial institutions have started to increase on the personal financial business, financial investment in science and technology, our country commercial bank financial products is gradually increasing, the personal financial market competition. Because of the personal financial management business belongs to the risk small, stable income, business scope, therefore, personal financial services accessible to the general customer acceptance. This article in view of the current situation of the development of personal financial business of commercial banks in China, analyzes the existing problems, and to commercial banks as the main body, and puts forward some concrete countermeasures. China's commercial banks to be bigger and stronger personal finance industry, we must strengthen the cooperation of industry, cultivation of high-quality professional management personnel, strengthen the construction of risk management system, draw bone advanced financial management experience, a careful analysis of deficiency in China's financial industry, better customer service.。

8.各位大侠们帮忙翻译一下经济类论文摘要

Abstract : Internet-based information technologies, the rapid development of e-business calls for the flow of goods in-kind support, E-commerce has become the logistics of the important pillars; E-commerce functions from the delivery of logistics enterprises commitment logistics enterprises will be representative of all manufacturers and suppliers to users of the physical supply of the most concentrated, the most extensive supplier. Therefore, all economically developed countries have the logistics to further strengthen the research and investment to adapt to and facilitate the development of electronic commerce. China's e-commerce development is still at an initial stage, to the norms and pragmatic direction. Since China's logistics industry specialization, and lower the level of socialization, logistics is a long time. Logistics has become too costly development of electronic commerce in major constraint, logistics and payment known as China's e-commerce launch two major bottlenecks. Faced with the development of e-commerce in China has encountered in the "logistics bottlenecks", many experts put forward countermeasures. But now I can with the information available information, which people understand there are two aspects Misunderstanding : First, it fails to recognize that the development of logistics is a regional, departmental and industrial collaboration highly demanding social system project. the entire society from traditional to modern logistics logistics transformation process simplistic, as long as the construction of more distribution centers Network marketing can solve the problem of e-commerce logistics and distribution; Second, only emphasized the development of third-party logistics, resources and integration, Structural optimization of the industrial development of the overall problem. This paper believes that to adapt to the needs of e-commerce development, the development of the logistics industry in China should treat from the country, industry-wide perspective, the construction of an open, interoperability, cost-effective logistics distribution of the social system. Information Network, the development of e-commerce in China logistics industry is facing unprecedented opportunities and challenges. While logistics enterprises is an urgent need to improve the level of information, on the other hand the urgent need to establish the logistics industry specialization, socially integrated logistics service system. The use of information networks and establish an open, interoperability, cost-effective logistics distribution of the social system, Integration of different clients needs and achieving economies of scale, logistics and distribution, economic and efficient logistics services, E-commerce will become China's development of the logistics industry as the main direction. Keywords : E-commerce Distribution 3PL supply chain management。

9.求低碳经济论文摘要的英文翻译

In recent years, our environment deterioration, a lot of fossil energy consumption of environmental problems has brought attention for all countries, including elevated atmospheric carbon dioxide concentration bring global climate change, has been profoundly realize reduced to carbon dioxide to greenhouse gas emissions for characterization, and development of the importance of low carbon economy is coping with the only earth worsening ecological environment. At present various countriesall positively explore "a low carbon economy" the realization form, countries adopt different means, methods, also have common characteristics: namely "low carbon economy" as a national new strategic arrangement through various laws and regulations must be to can be established, low carbon development road, system innovation is the key, is particularly important to the legal system. This paper analyses the current situation of legal system with defects, reference countries a low carbon economy legal experience, so as to put forward relevant thinking perfect our development a low carbon economy legal help.。

关于经济的论文摘要

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